Archive for the 'Environment' Category
The Hon’ble Supreme Court has issued directions to control noise pollution arising out to bursting of firecrackers and other noise producing sources.
- For Manufactures:
- The manufacturer, sale or use of firecrackers generation noise level exceeding 125 db (AI) or 145 db (C) pK at 4 meters distance from the point of bursting shall be Prohibited.
- For individual firecrackers constituting the series (joined fire-crackers), the above mentioned limit would be reduced by 5 log 10 (N) dB, where N-number of crackers joined together.
- Every Manufacturer shall on the box of each fire-cracker mention details of its chemical contents and that it satisfies the requirement as laid down by Department of Explosive. In case of a failure on the part of manufacturer to mention the details or in cases where the contents of the box do not match the chemical formulae as stated on the box, the manufacturer may be held liable.
- There shall be a complete ban on bursting sound emitting firecrackers between 10.00 p.m. and 6.00 a.m.
- The crackers shall not be used at any time in Silence Zones as defined by the Ministry of Environment & Forest. Silence Zone has been defnied as:
"Silence Zone is an area comprising not less than, 100 meters around Hospitals, Education Institutions, Courts, Religious Places or any other area which is declared as such by the Competent Authority".
- The noise level at the boundary of the public place, where loudspeakers or public address system or any other source is being used shall not exceed 10 dB(A) above the ambient noise standards for the area or 75 dB (A) which is lower.
- No one shall beat a drum or tom-tom or blow a trumpet or beat or sound any instrument or use any sound amplifier at night (between 10.00 pm and 6.00 am) expect in public emergencies.
- The peripheral noise level of privately owned sound system should not exceed by more than 5 dB (A) than the ambient air quality standard specified for the area in which it is used, at the boundary of the private place.
- No horns shall be allowed to be used at night (between 10.00 pm and 6.00 am) in residential area except in exceptional circumstances.
After the orders of Hon’ble Supreme Court various State Administration has formed committes and issued orders along with the above mentioned decision:
- The Education Resource Centers as well as the Management/Principals if school in the State shall take appropriate steps to educate students about the il-Effects of air & noise pollution and apprise them of the above directions. The Committees, further requests the general public to take the following precautions:
- Always light firecrackers in an open ground.
- Keep a safe distance and don’t bend over the fire crackers while lighting them.
- Always ensure the presence of elders.
- Never wear loose or synthetic clothes.
- Wear proper footwear.
- Make sure you buy firecrackers from Government approved shops only.
- As far as possible avoid bursting crackers, which cause a lot of noise and environment pollution.
Do you think any of the Government in India has taken this seriously?
Plastic carry bags not only cause environmental degradation but also release harmful and toxic gases which are Carcinogenic in nature and pose a serious health hazard. Keeping all these aspects in view, the various State Governments has decided to ban the manufacturing and use of plastic carry bags of thickness less than 30 microns and size less than 8"x12". Beside this there is a complete ban on use of plastic articles such as carry bags (irrespective of thickness and size), plates, cups, tumblers, spoons & forks and straws in areas having special historical, religious or ecologic significance.
Plastic carry bags have following detrimental effects:
- Clogging of water and sewerage drains;
- Interference with system of water recharge due to impermeable surface of plastic;
- Diseases due to plastic surface providing breeding ground for pathogenic micro organism;
- Destruction of aesthetic visual values;
- Transfer of toxicity to food stuffs when carried in coloured bags;
- Air Pollution during the process of burning/recycling of plastic;
- Threat to health of animals who may eat the plastic along with other material;
- Transfer of toxicity to various soil layers.
This is an appeal to people not to use plastic carry bags
of thickness less than 30 microns and size less than 8"x12"
and co-operate in maintaining healthy and clean environment
for our young generation and generations to come.
Chandigarh imposes complete ban on using polybags
The Chandigarh Administration has put complete ban on the manufacture and use of polythene/plastic carry bags with effect from 2nd October, 2008. The notification in this regard was issued in July 30 by the Department of Environment under Section 5 of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986. [ Notification ]
No person including a shopkeeper, vendor, wholeseller or retailer, trader, hawker or rehriwala etc., shall use polythene/plastic carry bags for supply of goods in polythene/plastic carry bags. No person shall manufacture, store, import, sell or transport polythene/plastic carry bags in Union Territory, Chandigarh.
Violators of this act can be given rigorous imprisonment extended up to five years or fine of Rs one lakh or both depending on the extent of violations. For the habitual violators, an additional fine of Rs 5,000 per day shall be imposed and there are provisions of imprisonment up to seven years depending upon the violation, stated the official.
Besides, packaged commodities including milk products and grocery items have been exempted from this Act.